鈴木 富美子 (2011.9) 既婚女性の就業パターンとワーク・ライフ・バランス. 田中 重人, 永井 暁子 (編)『第3回家族についての全国調査 (NFRJ08) 第2次報告書 第1巻: 家族と仕事』(日本家族社会学会 全国家族調査委員会). 89-109

Bibliographical Information

Category:
NFRJ Publication
Number:
nfrj08_201101_6
Author:
鈴木 富美子 || Fumiko SUZUKI
Date:
2011.9
Title:
既婚女性の就業パターンとワーク・ライフ・バランス: NFRJの10年間の変化とライフステージに着目して || The Balance between Work and Lifestyle for Married Women in Employment: Changing trends over the last ten years and a comparison of different life stages
Source:
田中 重人, 永井 暁子 (編)『第3回家族についての全国調査 (NFRJ08) 第2次報告書 第1巻: 家族と仕事』(日本家族社会学会 全国家族調査委員会) || TANAKA Sigeto, NAGAI Akiko (eds.) Second Report of the National Family Research of Japan, 2008 (NFRJ08) Volume 1: Family and Work (Committee on the National Family Research of Japan (NFRJ), the Japan Society of Family Sociology)
Page:
89-109
URL:
http://nfrj.org/pdf/nfrj08_201101_6.pdf
Abstract:
本稿は,近年における就業をめぐる状況の複雑化とワーク・ライフ・バランス論の登場という2つの流れを踏まえ,NFRJの3回の調査(98,03,08)を用いて,既婚女性のワーク・ライフ・バランスの実態について探索的な分析を行った.
分析1では,3回の調査から既婚女性の就業パターンの変化をライフステージ別にみた.分析2では,08のデータを使い,「家族との時間がとれない」と「生活満足度」をワーク・ライフ・バランスの指標として各就業パターンの現状をライフステージ別に確認した.さらに分析3では,「末子0~6歳」と「末子7~12歳」のライフステージに焦点を絞り,各就業パターンの特徴を(1)基本的属性,(2)本人と配偶者の仕事の状況,(3)家庭生活の3つの側面から探った.
分析の結果,(1)過去10年間において,女性の非正規雇用化の流れは全ライフステージで進展し,特に「末子4~6歳」においてその変化が顕著であること,(2)仕事と家庭の軋轢は大きいが生活満足度が高い「常勤」に比べ,「末子0~6歳」の「短時間パート」(妻だけのワーク・ライフ・バランス),「末子7~12歳」の「長時間パート」(困難の重層化),などの問題が明らかになった.
これらの分析結果をふまえ,非正規雇用者をワーク・ライフ・バランス論の俎上に載せるとともに,「個人」を主体としながらカップルや家族という関係性をも考慮した「ワーク・ライフ・バランス」をどのように達成していくのかについて,その測定方法も含めて検討する必要性を指摘した. || This paper analyzes the balance between work and life style for married women in employment. Over the last ten years labor conditions, especially for women, have changed greatly; part-time employment rates have increased and the concept of work-life balance has emerged.
The first analysis looked at NFRJ98, NFRJ03 and NFRJ08 data sets showing changing patterns in married women’s employment, and showed which life stages saw the greatest change.
In the second analysis, looking at NFRJ08 data sets, the relationship between not having enough time to spend with one’s family and the level of life satisfaction was used as an indicator of work-life balance. The type of employment (part-time jobs under 35 hours a week; part-time jobs over 35 hours a week; full-time jobs) at each life stage was observed separately. In the third analysis, focusing on two groups, those whose youngest children were 0-6 years old, and those whose youngest children are 7-12, the characteristics of each employment type was observed according to basic demographics, the couple’s work situation, and participation of the husband in such activities as childcare and housework.
The results observed were as follows: (1) The percentage of working mothers not in full-time employment has increased, especially those whose youngest children are 4-6 years old. (2) While full-time working mothers who reported not having enough time to spend with their families also reported comparatively high overall life satisfaction, it was clearly shown that mothers working under 35 hours a week part-time with their youngest children under six, and those working part-time over 35 hours a week with children aged 7-12 are experiencing difficulties.
This indicates the need for social policies which encourage improvements in employment conditions for working mothers not in full-time employment to allow them to achieve a better work-life balance.
Keywords:
女性の非正規雇用化,ワーク・ライフ・バランス,生活満足度,仕事と家庭の軋轢,夫の家事・子育て分担 || the increased rate of married women in part-time employment, balance between work and lifestyle, life satisfaction, conflict between work and lifestyle, participation of the husband in such activities as childcare and housework.
Note:
NCID=BB02272294
Relation:
| nfrj08_201101 |
Dataset:
[NFRJ98] [NFRJ03] [NFRJ08]
Created: 2012-02-20. Updated: 2012-03-28.

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