Sigeto TANAKA (2011.9) The Economic Situation of Those Who Have Experienced Divorce. 田中 重人, 永井 暁子 (編)『第3回家族についての全国調査 (NFRJ08) 第2次報告書 第1巻: 家族と仕事』(日本家族社会学会 全国家族調査委員会). 143-163
- NFRJ Publication
- Sigeto TANAKA || 田中 重人
- The Economic Situation of Those Who Have Experienced Divorce: The Gender Gap in Equivalent Household Income
- 田中 重人, 永井 暁子 (編)『第3回家族についての全国調査 (NFRJ08) 第2次報告書 第1巻: 家族と仕事』(日本家族社会学会 全国家族調査委員会) || TANAKA Sigeto, NAGAI Akiko (eds.) Second Report of the National Family Research of Japan, 2008 (NFRJ08) Volume 1: Family and Work (Committee on the National Family Research of Japan (NFRJ), the Japan Society of Family Sociology)
- This paper addresses how marriage and divorce create gender inequality in the standard of living. The data are drawn from the three surveys of the National Family Research of Japan (NFRJ) project, NFRJ98 in 1999, NFRJ03 in 2004, and NFRJ08 in 2009. The main focus is on equivalent household income (i.e., household income divided by the square root of the number of people in the household). ANOVA results detect a great gender gap among divorced or widowed people, with no great gender gap among those unmarried or continuing their first marriage. Regression analyses for those who have experienced divorce reveal that equivalent household income is subjected to the powerful impact of continuous regular employment and co-residence with young children. These two factors have maintained women’s disadvantageous situation after divorce, while divorced men’s situation has been getting worse in this decade. Another factor is remarriage, from which men and women receive different economic outcomes. Discussion is on theoretical and political implications of the findings, with a special attention to the recent family law debates over equity-oriented reformation in the system of financial provision on divorce.
- marital status, financial provision on divorce, discontinuous career, custody, remarriage
- | nfrj08_201101 |
- [NFRJ98] [NFRJ03] [NFRJ08]
Created: 2012-02-20. Updated: 2012-03-28.