大和 礼子 (2011.9) 父との同居と母との同居. 田渕 六郎, 嶋崎 尚子 (編)『第3回家族についての全国調査 (NFRJ08) 第2次報告書 第2巻: 世代間関係の動態』(日本家族社会学会 全国家族調査委員会). 15-36

Bibliographical Information

Category:
NFRJ Publication
Number:
nfrj08_201102_2
Author:
大和 礼子 || Reiko YAMATO
Date:
2011.9
Title:
父との同居と母との同居: 規定要因はどう異なるか? || A Comparison of Determinants between Married Children’s Coresidence with the Father and with the Mother in Present-day Japan
Source:
田渕 六郎, 嶋崎 尚子 (編)『第3回家族についての全国調査 (NFRJ08) 第2次報告書 第2巻: 世代間関係の動態』(日本家族社会学会 全国家族調査委員会) || TABUCHI Rokuro, SHIMAZAKI Naoko (eds.) Second Report of the National Family Research of Japan, 2008 (NFRJ08) Volume 2: Dynamics of Intergenerational Relationships (Committee on the National Family Research (NFRJ), the Japan Society of Family Sociology
Page:
15-36
URL:
http://nfrj.org/pdf/nfrj08_201102_2.pdf
Abstract:
日本の制度や規範は女性を「生涯にわたって男性稼ぎ主に扶養される存在」と想定してきた。では実際に夫と死別した高齢女性は子と同居しやすいのか。既婚子と親との同居についてのこれまでの研究では、規範的要因(夫方親との同居慣行)と状況的要因(親・子それぞれの資源やニーズ)の双方が影響すると報告されてきた。ただしこれらの多くは、夫方の親と妻方の親に分けて、規定要因を比較するという分析枠組みを採用していた。それに対して本研究では分析枠組みとして、同じ夫方(あるいは母方)の中でも、父との同居と母との同居では(1)規定要因がどう違うか、(2)親の配偶関係の交互作用効果はどう違うか(つまり当該親の配偶者が健在の場合と死亡の場合で、当該親との同居の規定要因がどう違うか)に注目する。規定要因としては、規範的要因と妻の社会的地位(学歴・収入)をとりあげる。
分析の結果、次のことがわかった。同居の規定要因の効果は、父との同居の場合は、父の配偶関係には影響されない(夫方・妻方の双方において)。しかし母との同居の場合は、母の配偶関係に影響を受ける(夫方・妻方の双方において)。つまり母が父と死別している場合は、父が健在の場合より、夫方の母の場合は規範的要因の同居促進効果が弱まり、妻方の母の場合は妻の高学歴・高収入の同居促進効果が弱まる。すなわち配偶者と死別し単身で遺された母は、既婚子とも同居しにくい傾向があると考えられる。|| What factors affect married children’s coresidence with their older parents or parents-in-laws in the present-day Japan? Previous studies conducted in Japan revealed that both the cultural norm of patri-local coresidence and situational factors such as parents’ or children’s needs and resources affect the coresidence. Many of those studies, with a traditional norm of patri-local coresidence in a backdrop, tended to pay more attention to a comparison between factors affecting coresidence with the husband’s parent and with the wife’s parent. The present study, in contrast, employs different analytical frameworks. Firstly, this study focuses on a comparison of determinants between coresidence with the father and with the mother (on both the husband’s and wife’s side). Secondly, focusing on the interaction effect between the cultural norm or situational factors on the one hand, and a parent’s marital status on the other, this study examines whether the effects of the norm or situational factors on coresidence differ according to whether a parent in question is married or widowed.
The analysis of data obtained from National Family Research conducted in Japan in 2000 reveals that the interaction effect is significant for coresidence with the mother, but not significant for coresidence with the father. Regarding coresidence with the father (whether he is on the husband’s side or the wife’s side), the effect of the cultural norm or situational factors on coresidence does not differ according to the father’s marital status. In contrast, regarding coresidence with the mother, the effect of the cultural norm or situational factors is different depending on the mother’s marital status. To elaborate, as for the husband’s mother, the cultural norm increases the likelihood of married children’s coresidence with the mother if her spouse is still alive, but the effect is weaker if her spouse is deceased. As for the wife’s mother, the situational factors raise the chance of coresidence with the wife’s mother if her spouse is still alive, but the effect is significantly weaker if her spouse is deceased.
These findings suggest that the widowed mother (whether she is on the husband’s side or the wife’s side) tend to live in a single household having inadequate support from their married children.
Keywords:
同居, 世代関係, 配偶者との死別, 規範, 女性の社会的地位 || coresidence, living arrangements, adult children, older parents, widowhood
Note:
NCID=BB06732046
Relation:
| nfrj08_201102 |
Dataset:
[NFRJ08]
Created: 2012-02-20. Updated: 2012-03-28.

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