大和 礼子 (2001.9) なぜ女性は“多様な介護ネットワークを持つのか?. 石原 邦雄, 大久保 孝治 (編)『家族生活についての全国調査 (NFR98) 報告書 No. 2-6: 現代家族におけるサポート関係と高齢者介護 (Support resources and care for the aged of the contemporary family)』(日本家族社会学会 全国家族調査 (NFR) 研究会). 53-78

Bibliographical Information

Category:
NFRJ Publication
Number:
nfrj98_200106_4
Author:
大和 礼子 || Reiko Yamato
Date:
2001.9
Title:
なぜ女性は“多様な介護ネットワークを持つのか? || Why Do Women than Men Have MoreVaried Networks of Caring ?
Source:
石原 邦雄, 大久保 孝治 (編)『家族生活についての全国調査 (NFR98) 報告書 No. 2-6: 現代家族におけるサポート関係と高齢者介護 (Support resources and care for the aged of the contemporary family)』(日本家族社会学会 全国家族調査 (NFR) 研究会)
Page:
53-78
URL:
:nfrj98_2001_pdf/6/053-078.pdf
Abstract:
女性の介護ネットワークが男性より多様なのは、1人の女性が1人の男性より多様な人や機関をネットワークに含めるからなのか。それとも、男性は年齢や社会階層に関係なく妻を自分の介護者とし、一方女性は、年齢や階層によって誰を含めるかが大きく異なるため、男性全体と女性全体を比べると、女性のほうにより多様な他者が含まれるからなのか。NFRデータの分析の結果、両方の説明が当てはまるが、後者の説明力のほうがより大きいことがわかった。つまり、男性は年齢や階層に関係なく妻を自分の介護者としてあげるのに対し、女性は、若年期においては夫を、そして高齢期においては子夫婦(階層が高くない女性)や専門家(階層が高い女性)を、それぞれあげる傾向があった。このことが女性の回答を全体として多様にしていると思われる。一方、女性があげる項目(人や機関)の1人あたりの平均数は、男性のそれより若干多いが、大きな差はなった。 || Precedent researches have confirmed that when people were asked to enumerate anyone whom they can expect to care for them when it is needed, women’s responses tend to include more varied people and institutions than men’s ones do. What makes this gender difference? The first hypothesis is that each women enumerates more items than each man does. The second hypothesis is as follows. Women would mention different people and institutions according to their age and social statuses while men, regardless of their age and social statuses, would mention their spouse exclusively. As a result, women’s responses would include more varied people and institutions than men’s would. In order to test these hypotheses, the NFR data was analyzed. The result showed that although both hypotheses were supported, the second one had stronger effects on the gender differences mentioned above. The results were as follows. Younger women in any socioeconomic strata were more likely to mention their spouse as their potential carer while older women in higher strata were more likely to mention caring professionals, and those in lower strata, to mention their adult children. In contrast, most men, regardless their age and social statuses, enumerated their spouse.
Keywords:
ケア,社会階層,ジェンダー || care,social status,gender
Note:
Relation:
| nfrj98_200106 |
Dataset:
[NFRJ98]
Created: 2012-02-20. Updated: 2012-03-28.

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