赤林 英夫 (2006.8) Average Effects of School Choice on Educational Attainment. The Society of Labor Economists, 11th Annual Meeting.
- 赤林 英夫
- Average Effects of School Choice on Educational Attainment: Evidence from Japanese High School Attendance Zones
- The Society of Labor Economists, 11th Annual Meeting
- Empirical studies on the effects of competition among schools rarely identified the effects on all affected students. Using heterogeneous variations in the boundaries of public high school attendance zones in Japan, I estimated the average effect of high school competition on the college advancement rate. The data covering nearly all fulltime high schools in Japan over 12 years permitted control for unobservable school characteristics and regional trends and the within-zone sorting of students. I found that the college advancement rate of public schools increases when they compete with more schools while vocational schools show mixed results and private schools show negative results. The average college advancement rate of all high schools improved with increased competition in urban areas with no negative effect on rural schools. I found evidence that the education quality at urban schools improved with an increased choice, but its contribution to the average student’s achievement was very small relative to the students｡ｯ enhanced effort or sorting.
Created: 2012-02-20. Updated: 2012-03-28.