TANAKA Sigeto (2011.2.16) The Family, Marriage, and Gender Inequality. Tohoku University Global COE Program Gender Equality and Multicultural Conviviality in the Age of Globalization, 23rd GCOE Monthly Seminar (at Tohoku University).
- TANAKA Sigeto || 田中 重人
- The Family, Marriage, and Gender Inequality: Quantitative Analysis of Economic Situation after Divorce
- Tohoku University Global COE Program Gender Equality and Multicultural Conviviality in the Age of Globalization, 23rd GCOE Monthly Seminar (at Tohoku University) || 東北大学法学研究科グローバルCOEプログラム「グローバル時代の男女共同参画と多文化共生」, 第23回月例研究会 (於 東北大学)
- In this presentation, I address how the institution of the family and marriage creates economic gender inequality. The focus is on the current situation in Japan, with an attention to recent changes. The main body of the presentation is based on quantitative analyses of living standards for divorced men and women. Data are drawn from the National Family Research of Japan (NFRJ) project, in which family sociologists have repeated large-scale surveys with national representative samples in fiscal 1998 (NFRJ98), 2003 (NFRJ03), and 2008 (NFRJ08). I conducted a series of regression analyses to determine the effect of gender on equivalent household income (i.e., household income divided by the square root of the number of people in the household) for divorced men and women, controlling such variables as age, education, household composition, and employment status. The results reveal strong effects of the gender differences in employment status and the presence of young children. These factors have maintained women’s disadvantageous situation after divorce, while divorced men’s situation has been getting worse in this decade. Another factor is remarriage, from which men and women receive different economic outcomes. We will discuss theoretical and political implications of the results.
- [NFRJ98] [NFRJ03] [NFRJ08]
Created: 2012-02-20. Updated: 2012-03-28.