TANAKA Sigeto (2011.9.12) A quantitative analysis of the economic situation of those who have undergone divorce. International Sociological Association, Research Committee 06 (Committee on Family Research) Kyoto Seminar (at Kyoto Univerisity).
- TANAKA Sigeto || 田中 重人
- A quantitative analysis of the economic situation of those who have undergone divorce: the gender gap in equivalent household income, 1998-2008, in Japan
- International Sociological Association, Research Committee 06 (Committee on Family Research) Kyoto Seminar (at Kyoto Univerisity)
- This paper addresses how marriage and divorce create gender inequality. It focuses on the economic situation of men and women after divorce, which constitutes the main component of the gender gap in the standard of living in contemporary Japan. The data are drawn from the National Family Research of Japan (NFRJ) project, in which family sociologists have repeatedly conducted large-scale surveys with national representative samples in the fiscal years 1998 (NFRJ98), 2003 (NFRJ03), and 2008 (NFRJ08). The datasets include 473 (NFRJ98), 494 (NFRJ03), and 463 (NFRJ08) respondents who had undergone divorce. The number of cases is thus adequate to obtain statistically reliable estimates through multivariate analysis. The author conducted a series of regression analyses to determine the effect of gender on the equivalent household income (i.e., household income divided by the square root of the number of people in the household) for divorced men and women, controlling for variables such as age, education, household composition, marital status, and employment status. The results reveal the powerful and persistent effects of the gender differences in the probability of maintaining one’s employment status as an ordinary regular employee and in the probability of co-residing with young children. These factors have perpetuated the disadvantageous post-divorce situation for women, while the situation of divorced men has been getting worse from 1998 through 2008. Another important factor is remarriage, from which men and women receive different economic outcomes. We will discuss the theoretical and political implications of the results, with a special attention to the recent family law debates over equity-oriented reforms in the system for financial provision on divorce.
- marital status, financial provision on divorce, discontinuous career, custody, remarriage
- [NFRJ98] [NFRJ03] [NFRJ08]
Created: 2012-02-20. Updated: 2012-03-28.